Journal of e-learning Research <p>The Journal of e-learning Research (JELR) is a peer-reviewed applied research journal that provides case studies, best practices, and perspectives on the utilization of the Internet in learning and online education studies. Distance education institutions across the world as well as experts in distance, adaptable, and technology-based forms of learning are the main subscribers of the Journal. Articles submitted from contributors worldwide are peer-reviewed by an international committee of scholars and academia in the field.</p> Mokslines Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) en-US Journal of e-learning Research 2669-235X The Impact of COVID-19-induced Crisis on Rural Zimbabwe <p>The outbreak of the novel Corona virus disease (COVID-19) in late 2019 in Wuhan, China, had a serious impact on people’s lives, especially on students residing in rural Zimbabwe who were sitting examinations at the end of 2020. In order to curtail the spread of COVID-19, governments across the world instituted lockdowns. When positive cases rose exponentially in Zimbabwe, the government imposed a national lockdown for an indefinite period, from 30th April 2020, restricting movement within the country. Universities found themselves in a crisis as time went by without meaningful lecturer-student interaction. As a result, they resorted to using online platforms, particularly Google Classroom and WhatsApp, in order to reach out to their learners. This qualitative study was a case study in its design and twelve students were sampled using the convenience sampling technique for semi-structured interviews and twenty respondents to complete semi-structured questionnaires. The study revealed that students were so poor that they could hardly afford buying gadgets such as laptops and smart phones. Some students also bemoaned that, even if they could afford, they found it difficult to operate the gadgets. Furthermore, other students observed that they experienced Internet connectivity challenges which would require that they travelled to places far away from where they lived. The study recommends that the Government considers uplifting the lives of the rural students and the general rural populace by attending to connectivity issues and rural electrification as priorities that would culminate in bridging the digital divide between the rural and urban population.</p> FELIX PETROS MAPAKO Copyright (c) 2023 FELIX PETROS MAPAKO 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 2 1 11 10.33422/jelr.v2i2.293 Unveiling the Invisible Struggles: Exploring Psychosocial Challenges Faced by Student Nursing Mothers in Distance Education Programs and Their Impact on Academic Performance and Social Life in The Upper West Region, Ghana <p>Distance education serves as a valuable alternative for individuals who are unable to enrol in mainstream education due to various circumstances. However, recent reports have highlighted the considerable challenges faced by student nursing mothers within this educational framework. This study aimed to examine the psychosocial obstacles encountered by student nursing mothers by employing a descriptive phenomenological approach to explore their lived experiences. A sample of ten student nursing mothers from distance education centres in the Upper West Region was recruited, and in-depth interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved. Thematic analysis, supported by Dedoose analysis software, was utilized to analyze the collected data. The findings revealed that student nursing mothers encountered interpersonal, environmental, and psychological challenges. They experienced social isolation as friends distanced themselves, faced unjust judgments from the community, and received harsh treatment from tutors. Furthermore, the lack of accommodation provided by educational institutions compounded their difficulties. These challenges resulted in a decline in academic performance, an increase in domestic responsibilities, and a destabilization of their psychological well-being. Based on these findings, it is concluded that the motherhood period may not be the optimal time to pursue education and should be avoided if possible. However, if attending school during this period is unavoidable, it is imperative to implement comprehensive guidance, advocacy, and policy amendments to support student nursing mothers in successfully adapting to their dual roles.</p> Rolander Bogi Seth Badu Esther Asebiga David Kojo Rockson Copyright (c) 2023 Rolander Bogi, Seth Badu, Esther Asebiga, David Kojo Rockson 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 2 12 38 10.33422/jelr.v2i2.463 Classroom Management and the Vital Role of the Classroom Teacher: Insights from Distance Teaching Experiences <p>A class is a group of pupils who need someone to lead them. The adult leader of such a group is called the class teacher. The class teacher's main responsibility is to manage the class effectively. This includes creating a positive and supportive learning environment in which pupils can develop both academically and socially. Classroom management involves setting clear expectations, establishing routines, and fostering a culture of respect and cooperation among pupils. In addition, classroom teachers are not only educators but also mentors who guide students towards personal growth and academic success. A qualified classroom teacher understands the individual needs of each student and adapts his or her teaching approach accordingly. The impact of a dedicated classroom teacher on students is remarkable. Through their consistency, responsibility, and commitment, they inspire students to become responsible and engaged learners themselves. This research was conducted at the Secondary Vocational and Technical School for Mechanical Engineering. A total of 23 classroom teachers took part in the survey. We found that during the distance learning all class teachers used the Zoom and MS Teams platforms, but they also used traditional approaches such as telephone calls. The biggest problem that arose in distance learning was the unresponsiveness of parents. In such cases, the school counsellor and relevant guidance centres can be consulted on the pupil's progress as they have more resources and information.</p> Alenka Trpin Copyright (c) 2023 Alenka Trpin 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 2 39 51 10.33422/jelr.v2i2.486 AI Assisted Learning <p>Both Web 4.0 and EDU 4.0 are malleable terms, that while difficult to define, set the basis for contemporary learning environments. Within these boundaries, AI (Artificial Intelligence) and AIEd (Artificial Intelligence in Education) have further complicated modern pedagogy with an ever-increasing list of potential benefits and pitfalls. This paper argues that to utilize AI and AIEd to its fullest potential, it must first be understood before it is implemented, and that while the increased presence of AI in our daily lives may be inevitable, the path it follows is not predetermined. This paper briefly explores the history of AI and AIEd technology and assesses not only the potential benefits of AIEd and how they may be fully realized, but also three areas of concern; privacy and data use, inherent bias, and the role of the educator in the future. Through flexible, cyclical models and careful consideration, this paper argues that AIEd will not automatically lead to a phasing out of teachers in learning environments, but, if due care is made, the potential benefits of AI technology can be forged in a way that they improve the working and learning experiences for all stakeholders.</p> Adam L. Miller Copyright (c) 2023 Adam L. Miller 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 2 52 65 10.33422/jelr.v2i2.510 Linguistic Immersion in the Context of Digital Transformation <p>Linguistic immersion has always been considered an important approach to foreign language learning. It is seen as a pedagogical approach that promotes second-language learning. This article highlights linguistic immersion in the context of digital transformation, as compared to traditional language teaching approaches. It also scrutinizes the role of linguistic acculturation in immersion and building bridges among cultures. Moreover, it tries to find out how language is used to enrich the issue of acculturation, or even cultural assimilation, and how foreign language teaching (FLT) is estimated as a focal point in this same issue. Finally, this article discusses the impact of digitalization in facilitating linguistic immersion by using digital advancement to create virtual immersion capable of emulating the traditional linguistic immersion approach. Thus, immersive technologies are considered facilitators of second-language learning. This study will examine the different technologies available for linguistic immersion and how they can be applied in second-language classrooms. This study is done in the form of focus group discussion and individual interviews (12 participants) at the level of S2 students at the Poly-disciplinary faculty of Nador, Mohamed 1st University, the choice of the participants was based on their spoken performance during the class discussion.</p> Nisrine El Hannach Copyright (c) 2023 Nisrine El Hannach 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 2 2 66 86 10.33422/jelr.v2i2.518