Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies <p>Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies is a global forum for interdisciplinary research contributions in the area of feminism and women’s studies. JARWS welcomes submission of high-quality articles in all areas of women, culture and society, women and health, feminist methodologies, gender and public policy, transnational feminisms, women and migration, women’s leadership and social change, race and women. Submissions to JARWS cannot have been published previously in any other journal or is under consideration elsewhere. The Journal will consider submissions of the following article types: research articles, communication articles, review articles, perspective articles and others.</p> Mokslines Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) en-US Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2783-7122 Coping with Motherhood and Education: Revealing Strategies of Student Nursing Mothers in Distance Education Programs in the Upper West Region, Ghana <p>This study explores the social and psychological coping strategies employed by nursing-mother students to manage the challenges of balancing their education, childcare, and family responsibilities. A case study design was employed. It adopted purposive sampling technique to select 10 respondents for interview. Semi-structured interview guide was used for the collection of data. The data were analysed using thematic analysis with the aid of Dedoose analysis software. The study found that nursing-mother students employed various social and psychological coping strategies to manage the challenges of balancing education, childcare, and family responsibilities. Socially, they increased contact hours with their children, sought help from family members, prioritized essential activities, and addressed conflicts through effective communication. Psychologically, they relied on effective communication, motivation to succeed in exams, additional studying, peer-teaching, and technology. Sleep was used as a last resort for psychological calming. These strategies helped them adjust to societal demands while continuing their education. To support nursing-mother students, two recommendations are proposed: the management of UCC study centers in the Upper West Region should establish supportive peer networks where they can share experiences and find emotional support, and integrate stress management workshops to equip them with coping strategies for balancing their responsibilities and promoting well-being.</p> Rolanda Bogi Seth Badu David Kojo Rockson Esther Asebiga Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 1 18 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.465 Women’s Dilemmatic Constraints in Emerging Second-Wave Feminism, Heideggerian Ambivalence and Oscillation between Authenticity and Inauthenticity <p>This paper adopts Heidegger’s philosophy, its authenticity and inauthenticity in particular, to analyze ambivalent or even conflictual representations of women in emerging second-wave feminism. During the consciousness-raising stage of second-wave, women’s consciousness-raising enabled their struggles for feminist ways of living, while patriarchal society’s struggles against feminism were commonly witnessed to impose enormous constraints on women with consciousness raised, who were thirsty for employment but cringed from leaving homes to enjoy rights in the public sphere. This problem of “getting out” and “getting back” is explained by Heidegger’s existential (in)authenticity, especially the oscillation, with reference to humans’ existential structures. Authentically, to strive for economic independence, women as Dasein with feminist consciousness raised were encouraged to speak up for themselves to reclaim the long-lost authentic “Self of one’s own” by confronting the patriarchal oppression of “The They”. However, due to social constraints which exacerbated women’s fear of confrontation, women chose to live by the inauthentic status quo in average everydayness with full absorption where women largely gave up on reflecting on assigned domestic roles and on taking responsibility for feminist life-planning. This paper argues that volatile and oscillatory transitions between authenticity and inauthenticity among women constituted the ambivalent representations of struggling women, existentially due to first the temporariness of authenticity and strong pulling power of inauthenticity in the less influential emerging second-wave to render authenticity ineffective, and second the unavoidable existence of the powerful influence of “The They” – as ontologically Being-with – as patriarchal those on women to draw them back to homes.</p> Hok Yin Lau Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 19 31 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.462 Women as “The Fittest” for a New Post-Pandemic World Order: Christina Sweeney-Baird’s The End of Men <p>As a major invisible global threat causing unprecedented disruptions and restrictions in daily life all over the world, COVID-19 pandemic has been among the most popular subject matters of contemporary fiction. At this point, the first work of fiction focusing on COVID-19 is Lawrence Wright’s The End of October (2020), in which coronavirus is fictionalised as the Kongoli breaking out in Indonesia and spreading all over the world. Elaborating on the effects of the virus on daily life, Wright puts emphasis on the need for global solidarity to combat the virus and save the global society. However, different from Wright’s work, Christina Sweeney-Baird discusses the issue of pandemic, reinterpreting COVID-19 from a futuristic perspective, envisaging a post-pandemic world order dominated by women, with men’s death due to a lethal virus showing its effects all over the world in her debut novel, The End of Men (2022). In the work, the deaths of Fraser McAlpine, Catherine’s husband, Anthony and the wealthy Mr Tai signify men’s failure in adaptation to circumstances of the pandemic, while women’s survival, the domination of once male-dominated jobs by women, Catherine’s solo impregnation by donor sperm and the use of apps for dating and love just between women embody females as the “fittest species” for survival to bring a new world order dominated by women. Thus, Sweeney-Baird’s work invites reading for the evolutionary transformation of the global society due to a lethal pandemic from male-dominated to female-dominated system with reference to Darwin s theory of evolution.</p> Tarik Ziyad Gulcu Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 32 41 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.495 The Comparison of the Beginnings of Feminism in Spain and China <p>This comparative study aims to explores the origins of feminism in Spain and China. After examining the early stages of feminism in both countries, common aspects and differences emerge as a result of distinct social, political, and cultural conditions that shape the identity of each nation. To understand the beginnings of feminism, it is necessary to delve into the past when the concept of feminism did not yet exist, but there were voices that began to demand a different way of considering and treating women. In the case of Spain, notable pioneers such as María de Zayas Sotomayor have been selected, and also two key aspects, female education and women's suffrage, to comprehend the beginnings and their chronological evolution. Likewise, when considering China, apart from examining thinkers like Li Zhi in the 16th century, attention should be directed to the late 19th century to observe the development of feminism in areas that align with the Spanish context, such as women's education, as well as other initial feminist movements shaped by the unique circumstances faced by women in China. Overall, this study sheds light on the historical trajectories of feminism in Spain and China, offering insights into their shared and distinctive characteristics.</p> Feixiang Liu Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 42 60 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.497 Race and Women in Painting <p>This article investigates the intricate relationship between race, gender, and identity within the domain of painting. It delves into the historical depiction of women from diverse racial backgrounds, aiming to shed light on the intersectional experiences and challenges encountered by women of colour in the art world. Through an examination of prominent artworks and an analysis of their social and cultural contexts, this research seeks to enhance our comprehension of how race and gender intersect in artistic representation. The study employs a multifaceted research methodology, including a thorough literature review, visual analysis of selected paintings, socio-cultural contextualization, and an intersectional analysis. The results of the study reveal a historical pattern of underrepresentation and misrepresentation of women of colour in painting, characterized by Eurocentric beauty standards, exoticization, and objectification. However, the analysis also uncovers instances where artists have challenged these stereotypes and presented more diverse and empowering representations. By highlighting these findings, the research emphasizes the importance of fostering inclusivity and appreciation for the diverse voices and narratives of women in painting, ultimately contributing to a more equitable and diverse art world.</p> FRANCIS ANKYIAH Frederick Bamfo Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 61 71 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.519 Violence against Deaf Women from an Intersectional Framework in Mexico <p>This research aimed to analyse the association between violence with linguistic knowledge in Mexican Sign Language (LSM) and sociodemographic data of Mexican Deaf women. To collect data from an intersectional framework, this study applied an opportunistic and chain sampling of 46 Deaf women from different areas of Mexico. Methods included in-person and remote interviews. Forty-one per cent of women indicated that they had been victims of abuse by their partner. In comparison, 73.9% of women had suffered some abuse in schools, and 39% of women had been victims of sexual abuse. The analyses with Spearman bivariate correlation showed that as the LSM learning age of the Deaf women increased, the levels of labour abuse (rs = .50, p &lt; .0001), violence in a bank (rs = . 51, p &lt; .0001), violence in school (rs = .56, p &lt; .0001), and violence by an interpreter (rs = .45, p &lt; .01) increased too. Results also revealed that a more excellent LSM family knowledge of LSM is moderately related to less labour abuse (rs = -.53, p &lt; .0001), violence in a bank (rs = -.45, p &lt; .01), violence in school (rs = -.43, p &lt; .01), violence by an interpreter (rs = -.39, p &lt; .01), and with lower magnitude to institutional violence (rs = -.37, p &lt; .05).</p> Rosa Elena Duran Gonzalez Itzel MORENO VITE Lilián Elizabeth Bosques Brugada Sara Laur Márquez Vázquez Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Advanced Research in Women’s Studies 2023-12-05 2023-12-05 1 2 72 88 10.33422/jarws.v1i2.485